Heatwave: why the UK is getting hotter

After a few days of hot weather, parts of England have experienced some hottest days of the year till date. In southeast England temperatures hit 32.7C on Friday, triggering a heatwave across much of the country. Experts say it’s rare to see temperatures that high at this point in June.

In the last three decades, the UK has warmed by 0.9ºC. It The 10 hottest years since 1884 it’s all happened since 2002, and there hasn’t been a coldest year on record in this century. Last year 2019 Cambridge saw the hottest temperature ever recorded in England: 38.7ºC. summer 2018 is the second hottest United Kingdom together with 1995, since 1884.

When do heat waves occur?

A heat wave is considered a period of hot weather in which: higher temperature than expected throughout the year.

In England, Meteorological Office states a heat wave if it occurs at least three consecutive days with temperatures exceeding a certain temperature. Heat waves usually occur in the summer, when high pressure develops in an area.

Why did the temperature change so drastically?

Climate change is causing global temperature rise. Greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, trap heat from the sun, causing the planet to warm. This brought with it more extreme weather, including record-breaking high temperatures worldwide.

Great summers occur in periods of natural climate. But scientists say that globally, heat is becoming more frequent, more intense and lasts longer.

It Meteorological Office has warned that summers like 2018 are now 30 times more likely than they were before the Industrial Revolution. This era is the time when humans start to produce emissions responsible for climate change. Experts predict that the trend of increasing temperature every year will continue. By 2100 the UK might have 40C days every 3-4 years.

Hot, harmful to health

Heat can be dangerous, especially for the most vulnerable people, such as the elderly, children and people with health problems. Spending too much time exposed to high temperatures can lead to health problems such as: insolation waving heart failure. There are also indirect effects, such as poorer mental health and an increase in accidents, such as traffic accidents and drowning.

In August 2003, 20,000 people died after a heatwave in Europe that lasted for 10 days, according to the Met Office. As reported BBC NewsThe highest mortality rate begins to appear after the thermometer exceeds 25ºC-26ºC.

Tips to stay cool in hot weather

As much as possible, we should modify our routines to adapt to the heat. Experts offer advice on what we can do to avoid fear.

  • If you can, leave the house in the morning or evening, when the temperature is cooler.
  • Use a high factor sunscreen.
  • Drink lots of water and eat foods that contain lots of water.
  • Wear loose clothing made of sweat-wicking fabric and a hat or hat if you’re going out in the sun.
  • Limit physical exercise and stay in the shade as much as possible.
  • Use a fan, ice, and a cold shower to lower body temperature.

Stuart Martin

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